Compliance Data Exfiltration DLP Spear Phishing
Compliance in the Legal Sector: Laws & How to Comply
16 September 2020
Thanks to the digital transformation and increasingly strict data security obligations, law firms’ business priorities are changing. Today, data protection, transparency, and privacy are top-of-mind.  It makes sense.  Keep reading to find out… Why the legal sector is bound to such strict compliance standards Which regulations govern law firms How cybersecurity can help ensure compliance Interested in learning more about regional compliance standards or those that impact other industries? Check out our Compliance Hub to find articles, tips, guides, and more.
Why is the legal sector bound to strict compliance standards? Lawyers’ hard drives, email accounts, and smartphones can contain anything from sensitive intellectual property and trade secrets to the Personally Identifiable Information (PII) of clients.  Unfortunately, hackers and cybercriminals are all too aware of this. It’s no surprise, then, that the legal sector is amongst the most targeted by social engineering attacks like spear phishing. Ransomware is a big problem, too. In fact, just a few months ago, Grubman Shire Meiselas & Sacks, a prominent media law firm, had its client information compromised.  Those behind the attack later threatened to auction some of these files concerning major celebrities for as much as $1.5 million unless the firm paid a $42 million ransom.  But, it’s not just inbound attacks that law firms have to worry about. Because the legal sector is highly competitive, incidents involving Insider Threats are a concern, too.  96% of IT leaders working in the legal sector say they’re worried that someone within the organization will cause a breach, either accidentally (via a misdirected email, for example) or maliciously.  The regulations governing law firms When it comes to data protection and privacy, the legal sector is subject to a relatively strict regulatory framework both under the law and rules imposed by professional bodies. Depending on where a firm is based and what its practice areas are, it can be subject to several stringent laws and regulations. This is especially true for firms operating in major markets like the United States, the United Kingdom, and the European Union. In this article, we’ll focus on some of the more general regulations and standards that all firms operating in these markets are expected to abide by. General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) When the GDPR was introduced in 2018, it represented the largest change to data protection legislation in almost two decades. It also contains some of the most thorough compliance obligations for law firms and indeed any other entity that collects, stores, and processes data. The GDPR has been designed to help and guide organizations with a legitimate business interest as to how personal data should be handled and gives regulators the power to impose large fines on firms that aren’t compliant.  You can read more about the largest GDPR fines (so far) in 2020 on our blog. What is the GDPR’s purpose? The GDPR was introduced amid growing concerns surrounding the safety of personal data and the need to protect it from hackers, cybercrime, Insider Threats, unethical use, and the growing attack surface.  Essentially, it gives citizens full and complete control of their data, subject to some restrictions (for example, where data must be held by firms by law).  What is the scope of the GDPR? The legislation regulates the use of ‘personal data’ and applies to all organizations located within the EU, as well as organizations outside the EU who offer their goods or services to EU citizens. It also applies to organizations that hold data pertaining to EU citizens, regardless of their location.  What should law firms know about the GDPR? The main part of the GDPR that law firms should be paying attention to is Article 5.  This sets out the principles relating to the collection and processing of personal data. The six key principles are that personal data: Should be processed lawfully, fairly and in a transparent manner; Should only be collected for legitimate purposes; Should be limited to what’s necessary in relation to the purpose(s) it’s processed; Must be accurate and kept up to date, with any inaccurate erased or rectified; Should be held for longer than is necessary for its purposes*; and Should be held with adequate security against theft, loss, and/or damage.  The GDPR also gives your clients the right to ask for their data to be removed (‘right of erasure’) without the need for any outside authorization. Note: Data can only be kept contrary to a client’s wishes to ensure compliance with other regulations.  What should a firm do in the event of a breach? Before GDPR, law firms could follow their own protocols when dealing with a data breach. But now, the GDPR forces firms to report any data breaches, no matter how big or small they are, to the relevant regulatory authority within 72 hours. In the UK, for example, the regulatory authority is the Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO):  The notification must: Contain relevant details regarding the nature of the breach; The approximate number of people impacted; and Contact details of the firm’s Data Protection Officer (DPO).  Clients who have had their personal data compromised must also be notified of the breach, the potential outcome, and any remediation “without undue delays”.  It’s important to note that breaches aren’t always the results of malicious activity by an Insider Threat or hacker outside the organization. Even accidents can result in breaches. In fact, misdirected emails (emails sent to the wrong person) has consistently been one of the most frequently reported incidents to the ICO.  That’s why it’s essential law firms (and other organizations) have safeguards in place to prevent mistakes like these from happening. Looking for a solution? Tessian Guardian prevents misdirected emails in some of the world’s most prestigious law firms, including Dentons, Hill Dickinson, and Travers Smith What are the penalties for non-compliance? Financial penalties imposed for GDPR violations can be harsh, and they often are; regulatory authorities are keen to highlight just how important the GDPR is and how seriously it should be taken. Fines for non-compliance can be as high as 4% of annual global turnover or €20 million—whichever is higher. American Bar Association Rule 1.6 Rule 1.6 governs the confidentiality of client information. It states, “A lawyer shall make reasonable efforts to prevent the inadvertent or unauthorized disclosure of, or unauthorized access to, information relating to the representation of a client.” Simply put, lawyers must make efforts to protect the data of their clients.  Two years ago, the American Bar Association issued new guidance in the form of Formal Opinion 483. This covers the importance of data protection and how firms should act when, not if, a security breach happens. This wording demonstrates that the ABA recognizes that breaches are part and parcel of firms operating in the modern world, and the statistics confirm this. 
In essence, Formal Opinion 483 states:  Lawyers have a duty of competence in implementing adequate security measures regarding technology. Lawyers must reasonably and continuously assess their systems, operating procedures, and plans for mitigating a breach. In the event of a suspected or confirmed breach, lawyers must take steps to stop the attack and prevent any further loss of data. When a breach is detected and confirmed, lawyers must inform their clients in a timely manner and with enough information for clients to make informed decisions.  The bottom line: law firms must protect data with cybersecurity. Solicitors’ Regulation Authority Code of Conduct In the UK, solicitors are obliged under the Solicitors’ Regulation Authority (SRA) Code of Conduct to maintain effective systems and mitigate risks to client confidentiality and client money. Solicitors are also obliged to ensure systems comply more broadly with the SRA’s other regulatory arrangements.  The SRA says that, although being hacked or falling victim to a data breach is not necessarily a failure to meet these requirements, firms should take proportionate steps to protect themselves and their clients while retaining the advantages of advanced IT.  Where a report of cybercrime (note: crime, not a loss that takes place due to negligence) is received, the SRA takes a constructive approach in dealing with the firm, especially if the firm:  Is proactive and immediately notifies the SRA. Has taken steps to inform the client and as a minimum make good any loss. Shows they are taking steps to improve their systems and processes to reduce the risk of a similar incident happening again.  That means that, under the SRA’s Code of Conduct, law firms should take steps to prevent inbound attacks like spear phishing and set-up policies and processes that ensure swift reporting.  The good news is, Tessian can help with both inbound attacks and Insider Threats and has a history of successfully protecting law firms around the world from both. 
How Tessian helps law firms stay compliant Across all three of the regulations listed here, there’s one commonality: law firms are responsible for ensuring that their IT systems and processes are robust and secure enough to keep data safe and mitigate the chance of a breach taking place.  But, that’s easier said than done, especially in our dynamic and digitally connected world where threats are ever-evolving. So, where should law firms start? Email. 90% of all data breaches start on email and it’s the threat vector IT leaders are most concerned about protecting. That’s why Tessian is focused on protecting this channel. Across three solutions, Tessian detects and prevents threats using machine learning, which means it’s constantly adapting, without requiring maintenance from thinly-stretched security teams. Tessian Defender detects and prevents spear phishing Tessian Guardian detects and prevents accidental data loss via misdirected email Tessian Enforcer detects and prevents data exfiltration attempts from Insider Threats Importantly, Tessian is non-disruptive. That way, partners, lawyers, and administrators can do their jobs without security getting in the way. Tessian stops threats, not business.  To learn more about how Tessian helps law firms like Dentons, Hill Dickinson, and Travers Smith protect data, maintain client trust, and satisfy compliance standards, talk to one of our experts. 
Data Exfiltration DLP Human Layer Security Spear Phishing
Worst Email Mistakes at Work and How to Fix Them
By Maddie Rosenthal
10 September 2020
Everyone makes mistakes at work. It could be double-booking a meeting, attaching the wrong document to an email, or misinterpreting directions from your boss. While these snafus may cause red-faced embarrassment, they generally won’t have any long-term consequences. But, what about mistakes that compromise cybersecurity? This happens more often than you might think. In fact, nearly half of employees say they’ve done it, and employees under 40 are among the most likely. !function(e,t,s,i){var n="InfogramEmbeds",o=e.getElementsByTagName("script"),d=o[0],r=/^http:/.test(e.location)?"http:":"https:";if(/^\/{2}/.test(i)&&(i=r+i),window[n]&&window[n].initialized)window[n].process&&window[n].process();else if(!e.getElementById(s)){var a=e.createElement("script");a.async=1,a.id=s,a.src=i,d.parentNode.insertBefore(a,d)}}(document,0,"infogram-async","//e.infogram.com/js/dist/embed-loader-min.js"); In this article, we’ll focus on email mistakes. You’ll learn: The top five email mistakes that compromise cybersecurity How frequently these incidents happen What to do if you make a mistake on email
I sent an email to the wrong person At Tessian, we call this a misdirected email. If you’ve sent one, you’re not alone. 58% of people say they’ve done it and, according to Tessian platform data, at least 800 are fired off every year in organizations with over 1,000 people. It’s also the number one security incident reported to the Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) under the GDPR. (More on the consequences related to data privacy below.) Why does it happen so often? Well, because it’s incredibly easy to do. It could be a simple typo (for example, sending an email to [email protected] instead of [email protected]) or it could be an incorrect suggestion from autocomplete.  What are the consequences of sending a misdirected email? While we’ve written about the consequences of sending an email to the wrong person in this article, here’s a high-level overview:  Embarrassment  Fines under compliance standards like GDPR and CCPA Lost customer trust and increased churn Job loss Revenue loss Damaged reputation
Real-world example of a misdirected email In 2019, the names of 47 claimants who were the victims of sexual abuse were leaked in an email from the program administrator after her email client auto-populated the wrong email address.  While the program administrator is maintaining that this doesn’t qualify as a data leak or breach, the recipient of the email – who worked in healthcare and understands data privacy requirements under HIPAA – continues to insist that the 47 individuals must be notified.  As of September 2020, they still haven’t been. I accidentally hit “reply all” or cc’ed someone instead of bcc’ing them Like sending a misdirected email, accidentally hitting “reply all” or cc instead of bcc are both easy mistakes to make.  What are the consequences of hitting “reply all” or cc instead of bcc? As you may have guessed, the consequences are the same as the consequences of sending a misdirected email. And, importantly, the consequences depend entirely on what information was contained in, or attached to, the email. For example, if you drafted a snarky response to a company-wide email and intended to send it to a single co-worker but ended up firing it off everyone, you’ll be embarrassed and may worry about your professional credibility.  But, if you replace that snarky response with a spreadsheet containing medical information about employees, you’ll have to report the data loss incident which could have long-term consequences. Real-world example of hitting “reply all” In 2018, an employee at the Utah Department of Corrections accidentally sent out a calendar invite for her division’s annual potluck. Harmless, right? Wrong. Instead of sending the invite to 80 people, it went to 22,000; nearly every employee in Utah government. While there were no long-term consequences (i.e., it wasn’t considered a data loss incident or breach) it does go to show how easily data can travel and land in the wrong hands.  Real-world example of cc’ing someone instead of bcc’ing them On January 21, 2020, 450 customer email addresses were inadvertently exposed after they were copied, rather than blind copied, into an email. The email was sent by an employee at speaker-maker Sonos and, while it was an accident, under GDPR, the mistake is considered a potential breach.  I fell for a phishing scam According to Tessian research, 1 in 4 employees has clicked on a phishing email. But, the odds aren’t exactly in our favor. In 2019, 22% of breaches in 2019 involved phishing…and 96% of phishing attacks start on email. (You can find more Phishing Statistics here.) Like sending an email to the wrong person, it’s easy to do, especially when we’re distracted, stressed, or tired. But, it doesn’t just come down to psychology. Phishing scams are getting harder and harder to detect as hackers use increasingly sophisticated techniques to dupe us.  !function(e,t,s,i){var n="InfogramEmbeds",o=e.getElementsByTagName("script"),d=o[0],r=/^http:/.test(e.location)?"http:":"https:";if(/^\/{2}/.test(i)&&(i=r+i),window[n]&&window[n].initialized)window[n].process&&window[n].process();else if(!e.getElementById(s)){var a=e.createElement("script");a.async=1,a.id=s,a.src=i,d.parentNode.insertBefore(a,d)}}(document,0,"infogram-async","//e.infogram.com/js/dist/embed-loader-min.js"); What are the consequences of falling for a phishing scam? Given the top five “types” of data that are compromised in phishing attacks (see below), the consequences of a phishing attack are virtually limitless. Identify theft. Revenue loss. Customer churn. A wiped hardrive. But, the top five “types” of data that are compromised in a phishing attack are: Credentials (passwords, usernames, pin numbers) Personal data (name, address, email address) Internal data (sales projections, product roadmaps)  Medical (treatment information, insurance claims) Bank (account numbers, credit card information) Real-world example of a successful phishing attack In August 2020, The SANS institute – a global cybersecurity training and certifications organization – revealed that nearly 30,000 accounts of PII were compromised in a phishing attack that convinced an end-user to install a self-hiding and malicious Office 365 add-on. While no passwords or financial information were compromised and all the affected individuals have been notified, the breach goes to show that anyone – even cybersecurity experts – can fall for phishing scams. But, most phishing attacks have serious consequences. According to one report, 60% of organizations lose data. 50% have credentials or accounts compromised. Another 50% are infected with ransomware. 35% experience financial losses. I sent an unauthorized email As a part of a larger cybersecurity strategy, most organizations will have policies in place that outline what data can be moved outside the network and how it can be moved outside the network. Generally speaking, sending data to personal email accounts or third-parties is a big no-no. At Tessian, we call these emails “unauthorized” and they’re sent 38x more than IT leaders estimate. Tessian platform data shows that nearly 28,000 unauthorized emails are sent in organizations with 1,000 employees every year.  So, why do people send them? It could be well-intentioned. For example, sending a spreadsheet to your personal email address to work over the weekend. Or, it could be malicious. For example, sending trade secrets to a third-party in exchange for a job opportunity.  What are the consequences of sending an unauthorized email Whether well-intentioned or malicious, the consequences are the same: if the email contains data, it could be considered a data loss incident or even a breach. In that case, the consequences include: Lost data Lost intellectual property Revenue loss Losing customers and/or their trust Regulatory fines Damaged reputation No sensitive data involved? The consequences will depend on the organization and existing policies. But, you should (at the very least) expect a warning.  Real-world example of an unauthorized email In 2017, an employee at Boeing shared a spreadsheet with his wife in hopes that she could help solve formatting issues. While this sounds harmless, it wasn’t. The personal information of 36,000 employees was exposed, including employee ID data, places of birth, and accounting department codes. You can find more real-word examples of “Insider Threats” in this article: Insider Threats: Types And Real-World Examples How can I avoid making mistakes on email? The easiest answer is: be vigilant. Double-check who you’re sending emails to and what you’re sending. Make sure you understand your company’s policies when it comes to data. Be cautious when responding to requests for information or money.  But vigilance alone isn’t enough. To err is human and, as we said at the beginning of this article, everyone makes mistakes.  That’s why to prevent email mistakes, data loss, and successful targeted attacks, organizations need to implement email security solutions that prevent human error. That’s exactly what Tessian does. Powered by machine learning, our Human Layer Security technology understands human behavior and relationships. Tessian Guardian automatically detects and prevents misdirected emails Tessian Enforcer automatically detects and prevents data exfiltration attempts Tessian Defender automatically detects and prevents spear phishing attacks Importantly, Tessian’s technology automatically updates its understanding of human behavior and evolving relationships through continuous analysis and learning of the organization’s email network. That means it gets smarter over time to keep you protected, always.  Interested in learning more about how Tessian can help prevent email mistakes in your organization? You can read some of our customer stories here or book a demo.
Compliance Customer Stories Data Exfiltration DLP Human Layer Security Spear Phishing
18 Actionable Insights From Tessian Human Layer Security Summit
By Maddie Rosenthal
09 September 2020
In case you missed it, Tessian hosted its third (and final) Human Layer Security Summit of 2020 on September 9. This time, we welcomed over a dozen security and business leaders from the world’s top institutions to our virtual stage, including: Jeff Hancock from Stanford University David Kennedy, Co-Founder and Chief Hacking Officer at TrustedSec Merritt Baer, Principal Security Architect at AWS Rachel Beard, Principal Security Technical Architect at Salesforce  Tim Fitzgerald, CISO at Arm  Sandeep Amar, CPO at MSCI  Martyn Booth, CISO at Euromoney  Kevin Storli, Global CTO and UK CISO at PwC Elvis M. Chan, Supervisory Special Agent at the FBI  Nina Schick, Author of “Deep Fakes and the Infocalypse: What You Urgently Need to Know” Joseph Blankenship, VP Research, Security & Risk at Forrester Howard Shultz, Former CEO at Starbucks  While you can watch the full event on YouTube below, we’ve identified 18 valuable insights that security, IT, compliance, and business leaders should apply to their strategies as they round out this year and look forward to the next.
Here’s what we learned at Tessian’s most recent Human Layer Security Summit. Not sure what Human Layer Security is? Check out this guide which covers everything you need to know about this new category of protection.  1. Cybersecurity is mission-critical Security incidents – whether it’s a ransomware attack, brute force attack, or data leakage from an insider threat – have serious consequences. Not only can people lose their jobs, but businesses can lose customer trust, revenue, and momentum. While this may seem obvious to security leaders, it may not be so obvious to individual departments, teams, and stakeholders. But it’s essential that this is communicated (and re-communicated).  Why? Because a company that’s breached cannot fulfill its mission. Keep reading for insights and advice around keeping your company secure, all directly from your peers in the security community. 2. Most breaches start with people People control our most sensitive systems and data. It makes sense, then, that most data breaches start with people. But, that doesn’t mean employees are the weakest link. They’re a business’ strongest asset! So, it’s all about empowering them to make better security decisions. That’s why organizations have to adopt people-centric security solutions and strategies.
The good news is, security leaders don’t face an uphill battle when it comes to helping employees understand their responsibility when it comes to cybersecurity… 3. Yes, employees are aware of their duty to protect data Whether it’s because of compliance standards, cybersecurity headlines in mainstream media, or a larger focus on privacy and protection at work, Martyn Booth, CISO at Euromoney reminded us that most employees are actually well aware of the responsibility they bear when it comes to safeguarding data.  This is great news for security leaders. It means the average employee will be more likely to abide by policies and procedures, will pay closer attention during awareness training, and will therefore contribute to a more positive security culture company-wide. Win-win. 4. But, employees are more vulnerable to phishing scams outside of their normal office environment  While – yes – employees are more conscious of cybersecurity, the shift to remote working has also left them more vulnerable to attacks like phishing scams.  “We have three “places”: home, work, and where we have fun. When we combine two places into one, it’s difficult psychologically. When we’re at home sitting at our coffee table, we don’t have the same cues that remind us to think about security that we do in the office. This is a huge disruption,” Jeff Hancock, Professor at Stanford University explained.  Unfortunately, hackers are taking advantage of these psychological vulnerabilities. And, as David Kennedy, Co-Founder and Chief Hacking Officer at TrustedSec pointed out, this isn’t anything new. Cybercriminals have always been opportunistic in their attacks and therefore take advantage of chaos and emotional distress.  To prevent successful opportunistic attacks, he recommends that you: Reassess what the new baseline is for attacks Educate employees on what threats look like today, given recent events Identify which brands, organizations, people, and departments may be impersonated (and targeted) in relation to the pandemic But, it’s not just inbound email attacks we need to be worried about.  5. They’re more likely to make other mistakes that compromise cybersecurity, too This change to our normal environment doesn’t just affect our ability to spot phishing attacks. It also makes us more likely to make other mistakes that compromise cybersecurity. Across nearly every session, our guest speakers said they’ve seen more incidents involving human error and that security leaders should expect this trend to continue. That’s why training, policies, and technology are all essential components of any security strategy. More on this below. 6. Security awareness training has to be ongoing and ever-evolving At our first Human Layer Security Summit back in March, Mark Logsdon, Head of Cyber Assurance and Oversight at Prudential, highlighted three key flaws in security awareness training: It’s boring It’s often irrelevant It’s expensive What he said is still relevant six months on and it’s a bigger problem than ever, especially now that the perimeter has disappeared, security teams are short-handed, and individual employees are working at home and on their own devices. So, what can security leaders do?  Kevin Storli, Global CTO and UK CISO at PwC highlighted the importance of tailoring training to ensure it’s always relevant. That means that instead of just reminding employees about compliance standards and the importance of a strong password, we should also be focusing on educating employees about remote access, endpoints, and BYOD policies. But one training session isn’t enough to make security best practice really stick. These lessons have to be constantly reinforced through gamification, campaigns, and technology.  Tim Fitzgerald, CISO at Arm highlighted how Tessian’s in-the-moment warnings have helped his employees make the right decisions at the right time.  “Warnings help create that trigger in their brain. It makes them pause and gives them that extra breath before taking the next potentially unsafe step. This is especially important when they’re dealing with data or money. Tessian ensures they question what they’re doing,” he said.
7. You have to combine human policies with technical controls to ensure security  It’s clear that technology and training are both valuable. That means your best bet is to combine the two. In discussion with Ed Bishop, Tessian Co-Founder and CTO, Merritt Baer, Principal Security Architect at AWS and Rachel Beard, Principal Security Technical Architect at Salesforce, both highlighted how important it is for organizations to combine policies with technical controls. But security teams don’t have to shoulder the burden alone. When using tools like Salesforce, for example, organizations can really lean on the vendor to understand how to use the platform securely. Whether it’s 2FA, customized policies, or data encryption, many security features will be built-in.  8. But…Zero Trust security models aren’t always the answer While – yes – it’s up to security teams to ensure policies and controls are in place to safeguard data and systems, too many policies and controls could backfire. That means that “Zero Trust” security models aren’t necessarily the best way to prevent breaches.
9. Security shouldn’t distract people from their jobs  Security teams implement policies and procedures, introduce new software, and make training mandatory for good reason. But, if security becomes a distraction for employees, they won’t exercise best practice.  The truth is, they just want to do the job they were hired to do!  Top tip from the event: Whenever possible, make training and policies customized, succinct, and relevant to individual people or departments.  10. It also shouldn’t prevent them from doing their jobs  This insight goes back to the idea that “Zero Trust” security models may not be the best way forward. Why? Because, like Rachel, Merrit, Sandeep, and Martyn all pointed out: if access controls or policies prevent an employee from doing their job, they’ll find a workaround or a shortcut. But, security should stop threats, not flow. That’s why the most secure path should also be the path of least resistance. Security strategies should find a balance between the right controls and the right environment.  This, of course, is a challenge, especially when it comes to rule-based solutions. “If-then” controls are blunt instruments. Solutions powered by machine learning, on the other hand, detect and prevent threats without getting in the way. You can learn more about the limitations of traditional data loss prevention solutions in our report The State of Data Loss Prevention 2020.  11. Showing downtrending risks helps demonstrate the ROI of security solutions  Throughout the event, several speakers mentioned that preemptive controls are just as important as remediation. And it makes sense. Better to detect risky behavior before a security incident happens, especially given the time and resources required in the event of a data breach.  But tracking risky behavior is also important. That way, security leaders can clearly demonstrate the ROI of security solutions. Martyn Booth, CISO at Euromoney, explained how he uses Tessian Human Layer Security Intelligence to monitor user behavior, influence safer behavior, and track risk over time. “We record how many alerts are sent out and how employees interact with those alerts. Do they follow the acceptable use policy or not? Then, through our escalation workflows that ingest Tessian data, we can escalate or reinforce. From that, we’ve seen incidents involving data exfiltration trend downwards over time. This shows a really clear risk reduction,” he said. 12. Targeted attacks are becoming more difficult to spot and hackers are using more sophisticated techniques As we mentioned earlier, hackers take advantage of psychological vulnerabilities. But, social media has turbo-charged cybercrime, enabling cybercriminals to create more sophisticated attacks that can be directed at larger organizations. Yes, even those with strong cybersecurity. Our speakers mentioned several examples, including Garmin and Twitter. So, how do they do it? Research! LinkedIn, company websites, out-of-office messages, press releases, and news articles all provide valuable information that a hacker could use to craft a believable email. But, there are ways to limit open-source recon. See tips from David Kennedy, Co-Founder and Chief Hacking Officer at TrustedSec, below. 
13. Deepfakes are a serious concern Speaking of social media, Elvis M Chan, Supervisory Special Agent at the FBI and Nina Schick, Author of “Deep Fakes and the Infocalypse: What You Urgently Need to Know”,  took a deep dive into deepfakes. And, according to Nina, “This is not an emerging threat. This threat is here. Now.” While we tend to associate deepfakes with election security, it’s important to note that this is a threat that affects businesses, too.  In fact, Tim Fitzgerald, CISO at Arm, cited an incident in which his CEO was impersonated in a deepfake over Whatsapp. The ask? A request to move money. According to Tim, it was quite compelling.  Unfortunately, deepfakes are surprisingly easy to make and generation is outpacing detection. But, clear policies and procedures around authenticating and approving requests can ensure these scams aren’t successful. Not sure what a deepfake is? We cover everything you need to know in this article: Deepfakes: What Are They and Why Are They a Threat? 14. Supply chain attacks are, too  In conversation with Henry Treveleyan Thomas, Head of Customer Success at Tessian, Kevin Storli, Global CTO and UK CISO at PwC discussed how organizations with large supply chains are especially vulnerable to advanced impersonation attacks like spear phishing. “It’s one thing to ensure your own organization is secure. But, what about your supply chain? That’s a big focus for us: ensuring our supply chain has adequate security controls,” he said. Why is this so important? Because hackers know large organizations like PwC will have robust security strategies. So, they’ll look for vulnerabilities elsewhere to gain a foothold. That’s why strong cybersecurity can actually be a competitive differentiator and help businesses attract (and keep) more customers and clients.  15. People will generally make the right decisions if they’re given the right information 88% of data breaches start with people. But, that doesn’t mean people are careless or malicious. They’re just not security experts. That’s why it’s so important security leaders provide their employees with the right information at the right time. Both Sandeep Amar, CPO at MSCI and Tim Fitzgerald, CISO at Arm talked about this in detail.  It could be a guide on how to spot spear phishing attacks or – as we mentioned in point #6 – in-the-moment warnings that reinforce training.   Check out their sessions for more insights.  16. Success comes down to people While we’ve talked a lot about human error and psychological vulnerabilities, one thing was made clear throughout the Human Layer Security Summit. A business’s success is completely reliant on its people. And, we don’t just mean in terms of security. Howard Shultz, Former CEO at Starbucks, offered some incredible advice around leadership which we can all heed, regardless of our role. In particular, he recommended: Creating company values that really guide your organization Ensuring every single person understands how their role is tied to the goals of the organization Leading with truth, transparency, and humility
17. But people are dealing with a lot of anxiety right now Whether you’re a CEO or a CISO, you have to be empathetic towards your employees. And, the fact is, people are dealing with a lot of anxiety right now. Nearly every speaker mentioned this. We’re not just talking about the global pandemic.  We’re talking about racial and social inequality. Political unrest. New working environments. Bigger workloads. Mass lay-offs.  Joseph Blankenship, VP Research, Security & Risk at Forrester, summed it up perfectly, saying “We have an anxiety-ridden user base and an anxiety-ridden security base trying to work out how to secure these new environments. We call them users, but they’re actually human beings and they’re bringing all of that anxiety and stress to their work lives.” That means we all have to be human first. And, with all of this in mind, it’s clear that….. 18. The role of the CISO has changed  Sure, CISOs are – as the name suggests – responsible for security. But, to maintain security company-wide, initiatives have to be perfectly aligned with business objectives, and every individual department, team, and person has to understand the role they play. Kevin Storli, Global CTO and UK CISO at PwC touched on this in his session. “To be successful in implementing security change, you have to bring the larger organization along on the journey. How do you get them to believe in the mission? How do you communicate the criticality? How do you win the hearts and minds of the people? CISOs no longer live in the back office and address just tech aspects. It’s about being a leader and using security to drive value.” That’s a tall order and means that CISOs have to wear many hats. They need to be technology experts while also being laser-focused on the larger business. And, to build a strong security culture, they have to borrow tactics from HR and marketing.  The bottom line: The role of the CISO is more essential now than ever. It makes sense. Security is mission-critical, remember? If you’re looking for even more insights, make sure you watch the full event, which is available on-demand. You can also check out previous Human Layer Security Summits on YouTube.
Compliance DLP
Ultimate Guide to The POPIA – South Africa’s Privacy Law
03 September 2020
Over the last several years, there have been a number of generally applicable data privacy and protection laws rolled out around the world, starting with Europe’s General Data Protection Regulation back in 2018.  Earlier this year, California released The California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA), which took an even broader view than the GDPR of what’s considered private data.  The most recent privacy law? South Africa’s Protection of Personal Information Act (POPIA). Note: The POPIA initially passed in 2013 but spent seven years in limbo, until it finally came into effect on July 1, 2020. It’s essential that security and business leaders understand which of these compliance standards they’re bound to comply with, how to comply, and the consequences of a compliance breach.
What businesses does the POPIA apply to? The POPIA applies to every type of company, regardless of size, sector, or location, so long as it is either: Based in South Africa, or Based outside of South Africa, but processes personal information within South Africa (unless it is only forwarding personal information through South Africa) That means that non-South African companies doing business in South Africa should comply with the POPIA, whether or not they have any physical presence in the country. We have good news, though. POPIA has a one-year transition period, so all affected businesses have until July 1, 2021 to ensure compliance. After this day, the South African Information Regulator will begin enforcing the law and fining non-compliant companies. Wondering how to ensure compliance? You can click the link to jump down the page to our section on “How to stay compliant with POPIA”. Otherwise, keep reading to find out what information is considered personal under POPIA.
What’s considered “personal information” under the POPIA? You have to remember, compliance is all about consumer privacy. So, POPIA, like the GDPR and CCPA, mandates that businesses properly “process” personal information. This includes collecting it, erasing it, and disclosing it to any third-parties.  So, what is “personal information”? The POPIA defines “personal information” as: “Information relating to an identifiable, living, natural person, and where it is applicable, an identifiable, existing juristic person” Within this definition: A “natural person” means an individual. An “existing juristic person” means a “legal person,” such as a corporation or charity. Importantly, by extending the definition of “personal information” to “juristic (legal) persons,” the POPIA gains a very broad scope that would cover certain business-to-business communications, too. Below is a non-exhaustive list of examples of personal information provided within the POPIA: Information relating to: Race  Gender  Physical or mental health  Belief Information about a person’s  Education Medical history Financial history An ID number, email address, phone number, or online identifier Biometric information A person’s opinions or preferences Private correspondence Opinions about a person A name, if the context in which the name is disclosed would reveal something about a person This data could be related to a business’ customers, employees, business contacts, prospective customers, and even visitors to their website. 
Who’s liable under the POPIA? We’ve already outlined which businesses need to comply with the POPIA. But, what about liability? The two main players are the “responsible party” and the “operator.” What is a “responsible party”? A “responsible party” is a public or private body that decides why and how to process personal information. A similar concept is the “data controller” under the GDPR and the “business” under the CCPA. What is an “operator” An “operator” is “a person who processes personal information for a responsible party” but is not under the responsible party’s direct authority. A similar concept is the “data processor” under the GDPR and the “service provider” under the CCPA. Operators are directly liable under the POPIA and must treat the personal information they process as confidential and should never disclose it without the responsible parties authorization. In the event of a data breach, they must notify the responsible party immediately.  Responsible parties, on the other hand, must ensure they only engage with operators under a written contract (which should ensure that the operator meets the POPIA’s data security obligations).  They must also monitor the operator’s activities to ensure that it meets its data security operations. In fewer words: everyone is responsible on some level for ensuring safe (and compliant) data processing.
You may need to adjust your service contracts so that they include a requirement to safeguard personal information. Now that you know who must comply with the POPIA, who’s liable, and what data is considered “personal”, we’ll explore perhaps the most important concept: How to lawfully process data under the POPIA. How do I lawfully process data under the POPIA? The POPIA provides a set of eight conditions businesses must satisfy when processing personal information.  To be truly effective (and ultimately ensure compliance) these principles must be baked into your overall business operations, from cybersecurity to HR.  In brief, the eight conditions for lawful processing are: Accountability: You must ensure POPIA compliance in respect of all the personal information in your control. Lawfulness: You must only collect personal information if it is adequate and non-excessive. You must have a legally justifiable reason for collecting personal information. Where possible, you must collect personal information directly from the data subject. Purpose specification: You must only collect personal information for a specific purpose, and you must not store it for longer than necessary to meet that purpose. Further processing limitation: You may only process personal information for further purposes if they are compatible with the reason you collected it. Information quality: You must ensure the personal information you maintain is accurate and complete. Openness: You must be transparent about how you provide personal information and provide consumers with notice about how and why you process their personal information. Security safeguards: You must take reasonable steps to secure the personal information in your control, and you must report any data breaches as soon as reasonably possible. Data subject participation: You must allow data subjects to access their personal information and correct or erase any inaccurate personal information. But, there are additional requirements for particularly sensitive information.
What types of information are considered “special” under the POPIA? Under the POPIA, particularly sensitive types of personal information are called “special personal information.” The categories of special personal information include: Religious or philosophical beliefs  Race or ethnic origin  Trade union membership  Political persuasion  Health or sex life  Biometric information Information about criminal behavior, including: Alleged offenses that have been committed by the individual Proceedings that may have taken place regarding the alleged offenses Like the GDPR, the POPIA places a general prohibition on the processing of special personal information. However, it is possible to process special personal information on the following grounds: With the consent of the data subject To exercise or defend your legal rights or obligations To comply with an obligation under international public law For historical, statistical, or research purposes in the public interest Where the information has been made public by the data subject
How can cybersecurity help me stay compliant with the POPIA? We know what you’re thinking: what steps can I actually take to ensure every individual, team, and department across my organization safely processes data? Like other compliance standards, the POPIA mandates “appropriate, reasonable technical and organizational measures” to prevent the loss of, damage to, and unauthorized access to personal information. The POPIA sets out four broad ways in which responsible parties must secure personal information: Identify internal and external risks Establish and maintain safeguards Regularly verify safeguards Continually update safeguards The POPIA also requires responsible parties to keep up-to-date with any sector-specific security standards and professional regulations, and ensure any operators also apply security safeguards to personal information. There’s a lot to unpack here. But, it all comes down to data loss prevention (DLP). While you can read all about DLP in this article: What is Data Loss Prevention – A Complete Guide to DLP, we’ll outline the different “types” of DLP below. Note: DLP does more or less the same thing wherever it is deployed – it looks for sensitive information crossing boundaries. But different DLP solutions operate in different ways depending on which “perimeter” is being guarded. Network DLP Network DLP protects data in motion by monitoring the traffic that enters and leaves the organization’s network. These solutions are mostly cloud-based and are designed to monitor network traffic between users and other endpoints connected through the Internet; every byte of data transmitted through a network will go through the cloud-based DLP solution.  Endpoint DLP Endpoint DLP protects data in use on employee’s devices (computers, mobile phones) by preventing unauthorized access. How? By ensuring information isn’t taken off work devices and sent or copied to unauthorized devices by allowing or denying certain tasks to be performed on the computer.  It is also able to detect and block viruses and other malware that could be transferred into your computer system from external sources, like a USB. Email DLP Email is the threat vector security and IT leaders are most concerned about, Why? Because both inbound and outbound traffic pose serious security threats.  According to data from Verizon, email is the main entry point for social engineering attacks like phishing and incidents involving Insider Threats have increased by 47% over the last two years. And, we can’t forget about accidental data loss – like misdirected emails – which is actually the most frequently reported security incident under the GDPR. Learn more about how Tessian detects and prevents both inbound and outbound threats on email to help organizations around the world stay compliant.  But organizations need more than security solutions. Under the POPIA, every public and private organization must also have an Information Officer. What are their responsibilities?  Encouraging the organization to comply with the conditions for lawful processing Assisting data subjects with requests to access their personal information Working with the Information Regulator in the event of an investigation Otherwise ensuring that the organization complies with the POPIA Once you have appointed your Information Officer, you must register them with the Information Regulator. But, what happens if DLP solutions (and your Information Officer) don’t successfully prevent data loss and a breach occurs? You have to notify relevant bodies.
What do I do in the event of a breach? If personal information is subject to unauthorized access, (i.e., a data breach occurs), responsible parties must notify: The Information Regulator, and The affected data subjects  Importantly, this must happen “as soon as reasonably possible” and should include: A description of the consequences of the breach An explanation of what the responsible party has done to contain the breach Advice to the data subjects regarding how to mitigate the impact of the breach The identity of anyone who may have accessed the personal information (if known) This is a lot of work and one of the reasons why investigation and remediation are generally the costliest categories in an overall data breach. Which, by the way, cost organizations $3.92 million on average according to IBM’s latest Cost of a Data Breach Report.
What are the penalties under the POPIA? Breaches of the POPIA can lead to harsh penalties brought by the Information Regulator, including: A fine of between 1 million and 10 million ZAR (approximately $60,000 – $600,000 USD) Imprisonment for a term of up to ten years Both a fine and a prison term The POPIA also contains a private right of action, meaning that individual data subjects can bring a private legal claim against a responsible party. A case brought under the POPIA could lead to: “Actual damages,” to compensate data subjects for any losses they have incurred “Aggravated damages,” to compensate data subjects for the distress they have experienced Fines, imprisonment, and lawsuits are not the only concerns for businesses processing people’s personal information in South Africa. Even small-scale data breaches can lead to a complaint being lodged with the Information Regulator. For more information about how much business’ have been fined under other data protection laws, check out this article: 4 Biggest GDPR Fines of 2020 (So Far). If you take nothing else away from this article, it should be that compliance and security go hand-in-hand. Businesses in South Africa and beyond must take necessary steps to safeguard the data their organizations process and hold, which requires dedicated security and IT teams and a strong data loss prevention strategy. Wondering what’s top-of-mind for other security leaders when it comes to DLP? Download the report below.
Compliance Data Exfiltration DLP Spear Phishing
August Cybersecurity News Roundup
By Maddie Rosenthal
28 August 2020
The end of the month means another roundup of the top cybersecurity headlines. Keep reading for a summary of the top 12 stories from August. Bonus: We’ve included links to extra resources in case anything piques your interest and you want to take a deeper dive. Did we miss anything? Email [email protected] Russian charged with trying to recruit Tesla employee to plant malware  Earlier this week, news broke that the FBI had arrested Egor Igorevich Kriuchkov – a 27-year-old Russian citizen – for trying to recruit a fellow Tesla employee to plant malware inside the Gigafactory Nevada. The plan? Insert malware into the electric car maker’s system, causing a distributed denial of service (DDos) attack to occur. This would essentially give hackers free rein over the system.  But, instead of breaching the network, the Russian-speaking employee turned down Egor’s million-dollar offer (to be paid in cash or bitcoin) and instead worked closely with the FBI to thwart the attack. Feds warn election officials of potentially malicious ‘typosquatting’ websites Stories of election fraud have dominated headlines over the last several months. The latest story involves suspicious “typosquatting” websites that may be used for credential harvesting, phishing, and influence operations.
While the FBI hasn’t yet identified any malicious incidents, they have found dozens of illegitimate websites that could be used to interfere with the 2020 vote.   To stay safe, make sure you double-check any URLs you’ve typed in and never input any personal information unless you trust the domain.  Former Google engineer sent to prison for stealing robocar secrets An Insider Threat at Google who exfiltrated 14,000 files five years ago has been sentenced to 18 months in prison. The sentencing came four months after Anthony Levandowski plead guilty to stealing trade secrets, including diagrams and drawings related to simulations, radar technology, source code snippets, PDFs marked as confidential, and videos of test drives.  He’s also been ordered to pay more than $850,000. Looking for more information about the original incident? Check out this article: Insider Threats: Types and Real-World Examples. All the information you need is under Example #4. For six months, security researchers have secretly distributed an Emotet vaccine across the world Emotet – one of today’s most skilled malware groups – has caused security and IT leaders headaches since 2014.  But, earlier this year, James Quinn, a malware analyst working for Binary Defense, discovered a bug in Emotet’s code and was able to put together a PowerShell script that exploited the registry key mechanism to crash the malware. According to ZDNet, he essentially created “both an Emotet vaccine and killswitch at the same time.” Working with Team CYMRU, Binary Defense handed over the “vaccine” to national Computer Emergency Response Teams (CERTs), which then spread it around the world to companies in their respective jurisdictions. Online business fraud down, consumer fraud up New research from TransUnion shows that between March and July, hackers have started to change their tactics. Instead of targeting businesses, they’re now shifting their focus to consumers. Key findings include: Consumer fraud has increased 10%, while business fraud has declined 9% since the beginning of the pandemic Nearly one-third of consumers have been targeted by COVID-19 related fraud Phishing is the most common method used in fraud schemes You can read the full report here. FBI and CISA issue warning over increase in vishing attacks A joint warning from the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI) and Cybersecurity Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) was released in mid-August, cautioning the public that they’ve seen a spike in voice phishing attacks (known as vishing).  They’ve attributed the increase in attacks to the shift to remote working. Why? Because people are no longer able to verify requests in-person. Not sure what vishing is? Check out this article, which outlines how hackers are able to pull off these attacks, how you can spot them, and what to do if you’re targeted.  TikTok sues U.S. government over Trump ban In last month’s cybersecurity roundup, we outlined why India had banned TikTok and why America might be next. 30 days later, we have a few updates. On August 3, President Trump said TikTok would be banned in the U.S. unless it was bought by Microsoft (or another company) before September 15. Three days later, Trump signed an executive order barring US businesses from making transactions with TikTok’s parent company, ByteDance. The order will go into effect 45 days after it was signed. A few weeks later, ByteDance filed a lawsuit against the U.S. government, arguing the company was denied due process to argue that it isn’t actually a national security threat. In the meantime, TikTok is continuing its sales conversations with Microsoft and Oracle. Stay tuned next month for an update on what happens in the next 30 days. A Stanford deception expert and cybersecurity CEO explain why people fall for online scams According to a new research report – The Psychology of Human Error – nearly half of employees have made a mistake at work that had security repercussions. But why? Employees say stress, distraction, and fatigue are part of the problem and drive them to make more mistakes at work, including sending emails to the wrong people and clicking on phishing emails.  And, as you might expect, the sudden transition to remote work has only added fuel to the fire. 57% of employees say they’re even more distracted when working from home.  To avoid making costly mistakes, Jeff Hancock, a professor at Stanford, recommends taking breaks and prioritizing self-care. Of course, cybersecurity solutions will help prevent employees from causing a breach, too. University of Utah pays $457,000 to ransomware gang On August 21, the University of Utah posted a statement on its website saying that they were the victim of a ransomware attack and, to avoid hackers leaking sensitive student information, they paid $457,000. But, according to the statement, the hackers only managed to encrypt .02% of the data stored on their servers. While the University hasn’t revealed which ransomware gang was behind the attack, they have confirmed that the attack took place on July 19, that it was the College of Social and Behavioral Sciences that was hacked, and that the university’s cyber insurance policy paid for part of the ransom. Verizon analyzed the COVID-19 data breach landscape This month, Verizon updates its annual Data Breach Landscape Report to include new facts and figures related to COVID-19. Here some of the trends to look out for based on their findings: Breaches caused by human error will increase. Why? Many organizations are operating with fewer staff than before due to either illness or layoffs. Some staff may also have limitations because of new remote working set-ups. When you combine that with larger workloads and more distractions, we’re bound to see more mistakes. Organizations should be especially wary of stolen-credential related hacking, especially as many IT and security teams are working to lock down and maintain remote access.  Ransomware attacks will increase in the coming months. SANS Institute Phishing Attack Leads to Theft of 28,000 Records  The SANS institute – a global cybersecurity training and certifications organization – revealed that nearly 30,000 accounts of PII were compromised in a phishing attack that convinced an end-user to install a self-hiding and malicious Office 365 add-on. While no passwords or financial information were compromised and all the affected individuals have been notified, the breach goes to show that anyone – even cybersecurity experts – can fall for phishing scams. The cybersecurity skills shortage is getting worse In March, Tessian released its Opportunity in Cybersecurity Report which set out to answer one (not-so-simple) question: Why are there over 4 million unfilled positions in cybersecurity and why is the workforce twice as likely to be male than female? The answer is multi-faceted and has a lot to do with a lack of knowledge of the industry and inaccurate perceptions of what it means to work in cybersecurity.  The bad news is, it looks like the problem is getting worse. A recent report, The Life and Times of Cybersecurity Professionals 2020, shows that only 7% of cybersecurity professionals say their organization has improved its position relative to the cybersecurity skills shortage in the last several years. Another 58% say their organizations should be doing more to bridge the gap. What do you think will help encourage more people to join the industry?  That’s all for this month! Keep up with us on social media and check our blog for more updates.
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9 Questions That Will Help You Choose The Right Email Security Solution
25 August 2020
When it comes to creating a cybersecurity strategy, security leaders have a lot to consider. There are various threat vectors, dozens of “types” of data to secure, thousands of products on the market, and oftentimes limited budget to work with. But, in this article, we’re going to focus on email security. Why? Because 90% of data breaches start on email. Data could be compromised via a spear phishing attack. Malware contained in one malicious attachment could infect an entire organization’s network. Insider threats could easily exfiltrate data for financial gain simply by emailing spreadsheets to their personal email accounts.   That’s why email is the threat vector security and IT leaders are most concerned about, and it’s why choosing the right email security software is so critically important. Keep reading to learn: What nine questions you should ask when choosing an email security solution  The solutions other security leaders across industries use to protect their people on email Why Tessian may be the right email security software for you How to get buy-in from your CEO after you’ve decided what the best solution is for your organization 1. Is it easy to deploy? Cybersecurity solutions should make life easier for your employees and your IT department. And, the bottom line is, a complicated setup process wastes time and resources. Worse still, it could lead to errors in deployment which may leave your company vulnerable. That’s why email security software must be easy to deploy across your organization and it should seamlessly integrate with a variety of email clients, all without any administrative burden. Before getting too far into the sales process, make sure you find out what support the vendor will provide, how long deployment takes, and – whenever possible – talk to an existing customer to find out how their deployment was.  2. Is it scalable and customizable? As your company grows and changes, your business tools must adapt. This includes email security software, which should work for you consistently, regardless of your company’s size. If you scale up or down, your email security software should change with you. Email security software must also allow customization so that it really aligns with your risk appetite, your employees’ preferences, and your specific business context. Too little flexibility is stifling — but too much choice is overwhelming (and could be resource-intensive).  3. Does it prevent a wide range of threats? Today, cybersecurity solutions must detect and prevent a broader range of threats than ever before. And, when it comes to email security software, you have to consider both inbound and outbound threats, including: Spear phishing: A sophisticated phishing attack in which the attacker emails a specific, named target. Verizon’s 2020 data breach report shows that 96% of social attacks (like spear phishing) occur via email. Check out more statistics related to social engineering attacks on our blog. Misdirected emails: An employee accidentally emails personal or sensitive data to the wrong recipient. This happens more often than you might think. The UK’s privacy regulator cited misdirected emails as the number one cause of data breaches in quarter four of 2019-20 and, according to Tessian platform data, over 800 emails are sent to the wrong person every year in organizations with 1,000 people.  Insider Threats: A trusted employee sends confidential or sensitive data to an unauthorized recipient. This recipient can be a third-party to whom a malicious insider is leaking intellectual property — or merely an employee forwarding correspondence to their personal email. Looking for more examples? We’ve rounded up 7 real-world Insider Threat examples here. 4. Can it keep up with the evolving threat landscape? Online threats are rapidly evolving and email security software is only as good as its ability to keep pace with these threats. Whether it’s vishing, smishing, or a new type of malware, hackers are always looking for new ways to take advantage of security vulnerabilities and unsuspecting (and often untrained) employees.  Can your email security software keep up? Tessian can. Scroll down to learn how Tessian uses machine learning to automatically “learn” and evolve in tandem with the threat landscape.  5. Are employees (and data) protected across devices? Businesses are increasingly reliant on cloud computing, remote working, and home offices — particularly since the outbreak of COVID-19. It’s hard enough to protect a set of company workstations located on company premises. Trying to manage security on any number of desktop, laptop, and mobile devices — located in offices, public places, and your employees’ homes — is even harder. But, unprotected devices represent a critical vulnerability in your company’s security. That’s why the right email security solution will work on any device that employees can use to access company data. 6. Is it easy to see (and communicate) ROI? It can be tough for security leaders to communicate the ROI of cybersecurity solutions. Why? Because it’s hard to put a value on something that hasn’t happened. But, a strong email security solution will make it easy for IT teams to assess risk, review trends over time, and create reports that demonstrate how risk is downtrending over time. This way, key stakeholders can really see the impact.  Unfortunately, a lot of solutions today are a black box when it comes to investigating incidents and garnering insights. So, when choosing an email security solution, consider what reporting tools the solution offers and whether or not any manual investigation is required. Most security teams are already thinly stretched; communicating ROI shouldn’t be an added burden. 7. Is it easy for employees to use? According to new research, 51% of employees say security tools and software impede their productivity. Likewise, 54% of employees say they’ll find a workaround if security software or policies prevent them from doing their job. This proves that the most secure path also has to be the path of least resistance. If the security solution you’re considering has high flag rates, creates extra work for your employees, or isn’t user-friendly, it will go unused. This is a security risk.  In layman’s terms: security shouldn’t get in the way. 8. Does it help ensure compliance?  Increasingly strict data privacy laws are setting new standards for companies handling personal information.  Businesses are accountable for taking a proactive approach to data security. You must take every reasonable step to ensure that the personal information in your control is kept safe and you must be able to demonstrate your security measures to regulators on demand.  That means that, when evaluating potential email security solutions, you should not only understand what data loss incidents they prevent, but also which security certifications they’ve earned.  9. Has it been vetted by relevant customers and industry leaders? Before selecting an email security software provider, you must ensure that it is well-established and has testimonials from previous customers, preferably in your company’s sector. Cybersecurity is a vast industry, and too many players are inexperienced, disreputable, or downright untrustworthy. You cannot afford to take any risks in choosing an email security software provider: reputation is everything in this field. Is Tessian the right email security solution for you?
Tessian is easy to deploy Deploying Tessian couldn’t be simpler. The software integrates with all email environments, including Office 365, Microsoft Exchange, and GSuite. And, plug-and-play intelligent filters make individual customization easy. Setup is also extremely fast. Within 24 hours, Tessian analyzes an entire year’s worth of your organization’s historic email data. Immediately afterward, you’re protected.  No rules are required.  Tessian is scalable and customizable Tessian’s stateful machine learning technology is always evolving, designed to suit your business’s needs as it scales and changes over time. Tessian automatically (and continuously) analyzes each employee’s historic email behavior to learn what is and isn’t “normal” for them. That way, it knows which emails to flag as anomalous.  But, we also understand how important customization is. With Tessian Constructor, you can create and implement security rules specific to your organization. Tessian prevents a wide range of threats Across three solutions, Tessian’s Human Layer Security platform can detect and prevent inbound and outbound threats, including advanced impersonation attacks, Insider Threats, and accidental data loss via misdirected emails. Tessian keeps pace with the evolving threat landscape Tessian doesn’t rely on a list of signatures of known malware and scams. Our machine learning algorithms are actively learning all the time, which enables Tessian Defender, Guardian, and Enforcer to spot unusual activity and discover new threats. And, with Human Layer Security Intelligence, Tessian customers benefit from a sort of “herd immunity”. If a threat is detected in another environment – for example, a never-before-seen social engineering attack – Tessian’s entire community of users will automatically be protected. How? The suspicious domain will automatically be placed on a “denylist” and blocked.  Tessian protects employees and data across devices Tessian is an ideal solution for remote or hybrid work environments. It protects your employees and your company’s data on laptops, desktops, and mobile devices. Tessian makes it easy to see ROI Tessian Human Layer Security Intelligence provides security leaders with detailed, easy-to-understand and – best of all – automated threat reports. In a single click, you’ll be able to see how your risk profile has improved over a certain period of time.
Security and IT teams can also get detailed information about specific incidents. Zero manual investigation required. Want to learn more about how Tessian customers can use HLSI to improve their security posture and communicate ROI? Read this: Introducing Tessian Human Layer Security Intelligence. Tessian is easy for employees to use Tessian is incredibly easy for anyone in your company to use. In fact, Tessian barely requires any “use” at all. The software runs silently in the background without any impediment to your employees’ productivity whatsoever. Flag rates are low, warnings – when triggered – are helpful, not annoying, and our customers see a very low number of false positives. With Tessian, the most secure path is the path of least resistance. It’s one piece of security software your employees will thank you for adopting.
Tessian helps ensure compliance The key to compliance with privacy law is assessing risks to privacy and taking reasonable steps to mitigate these risks. Email represents a critical risk area in any company’s data security architecture. Tessian can assist with compliance in a way that other email security software cannot. Tessian Guardian is unique in its ability to prevent misdirected emails, which are the leading cause of data breach, according to reports by the ICO and the California Attorney-General. Given that misdirected email is such a common cause of data breaches, you must take steps to safeguard against this risk.  But, it’s also important to note that Tessian was designed with security and privacy in mind. You can learn more about our security certifications and how we ensure data privacy and protection here.  Tessian has been vetted by industry leaders Leading organizations across industries rely on Tessian to protect their people and data on email.  Here are just some of the many businesses that endorse Tessian, by sector: Legal Customers Hill Dickinson (case study) Dentons (case study) Caplin and Drysdale (case study) Financial Services Customers Webb Henderson (case study) Man Group (case study) Evercore (case study) Tech Customers Rightmove (case study) Gubra (case study) Com Lauda (case study) Insurance Customers North (case study) Healthcare Customers Laya Healthcare (case study) Tessian has also received recognition and plaudits from industry bodies and tech experts.  In May 2020, Tessian was recognized as a Cool Vendor in the Gartner Cool Vendors in Cloud Office Security report, which recognizes security solutions that “focus specifically upon securing applications, communication and data that occur within cloud office environments.” Tessian has also been independently tested by IT analyst firm 451 Research, which assessed how the software fared against its competitors in data-loss prevention. According to 451 Research’s report, Tessian’s machine learning algorithms allow it to succeed in preventing data loss where rule-based solutions fall short. 
And, most recently, Tessian was included in Forrester’s Now Tech: Report for Enterprise Email Security Providers. You can read more about why Tessian was selected here.  While there is no one-size-fits-all approach to email security, this guide should help you research and vet which solution is right for you. If you’re considering Tessian, why not book a demo to have these questions (and more) answered by one of our experts.
Not ready to book a demo yet? Learn more about your products, our customers, and our Human Layer Security vision via the links below: Why Tessian? Our Technology What is Human Layer Security? Customer Stories  Bonus: If you have decided which email security solution is right for you but you’re struggling to get buy-in from your CEO, read this guide with tips from the world’s most innovative and trusted organizations.
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Prove the Value of Cybersecurity Solutions: 16 Tips From Security Leaders
By Maddie Rosenthal
18 August 2020
As a security or IT leader, researching and vetting security solutions is step one. What’s step two, then? Convincing key stakeholders like the CEO, CFO, and the board that the product needs to be implemented, that it needs to be implemented now, and that it’s worth the cost.  This is easier said than done, especially now that organizations around the world are facing budget cuts in the wake of COVID-19. But, security is business-critical.   So, how do you communicate risk and make a compelling case to (eventually) get buy-in from executives? We talked to security leaders from some of the world’s most trusted and innovative organizations to find out what they do to get buy-in from CxOs. Here’s a summary of their tips. You can also download this infographic with a quick summary of all of the below tips. This is perfect for sharing with peers or colleagues. 1. Familiarize yourself with overall business objectives While cybersecurity has historically been a siloed department, today, it’s an absolutely essential function that supports and enables the overall business. Think about the consequences of a data breach beyond lost data. Organizations experience higher rates of customer churn, reputations are damaged, and, with regulatory fines and the cost of investigation and remediation, there can be significant revenue loss.  The key, then, is to attach cybersecurity initiatives to key business objectives. The security leaders we interviewed recommended starting by reviewing annual reports and strategic roadmaps. Then, build your business case. If customer retention and growth are KPIs for the year, insist that cybersecurity builds customer trust and is a competitive differentiator. If the organization is looking for higher profits, make it clear how much a breach would impact the company’s bottom line. (According to IBM’s latest Cost of a Data Breach, the average cost of a data breach is $3.86 million.) 2. Create specific “what-if” scenarios A lot of security solutions are bought reactively (after an incident occurs), but security leaders need to take a proactive approach. The problem is, it’s more challenging for CxOs and the board to see the value of a solution when they haven’t yet experienced any consequences without it.  As the saying goes, “If it ain’t broke, don’t fix it”.  That’s why security leaders have to preempt push-back to proactive pitches by outlining what the consequences would be if a solution isn’t implemented so that stakeholders can understand both probability and impact. For example, if you’re trying to get buy-in for an outbound email security solution, focus on the “what-ifs” associated with sending misdirected emails  which – by the way- are sent 800 times a year in organizations with 1,000 employees. Ask executives to imagine a situation in which their biggest clients’ most sensitive data lands in the wrong inbox.  What would happen?  Make sure you identify clear, probable consequences. That way, the situation seems possible (if not likely) instead of being an exaggerated “worst-case scenario”.  3. Work closely with the security vendor You know your business. Security vendors know their product. If you combine each of your expertise – and really lean on each other – you’ll have a much better chance of making a compelling case for a particular solution. Ask the vendor for specific resources (if they don’t exist, ask them to create them!), ask for product training, ask if you can speak with an existing customer. Whatever you need to get buy-in, ask for it. Rest assured, they’ll be happy to help.  4. Collaborate and align with other departments It takes a village and cybersecurity is a “people problem”.  That means you should reach out to colleagues in different departments for advice and other input. Talk to the folks from Risk and Compliance, Legal, HR, Operations, and Finance early on.  Get their opinion on the product’s value. Find out how it might be able to help them with their goals and initiatives. In doing so, you might even be able to pool money from other budgets. Win-win! 5. Consider how much the executive(s) really know about security To communicate effectively, you have to speak the same language. And, we don’t just mean English versus French. We mean really getting on the same level as whomever you’re in conversation with. But, to do that, you have to first know how much your audience actually knows about the topic you’re discussing. For example, if you look into your CEO’s background and find out that he or she studied computer science, you’ll be able to get away with some technical jargon. But, if their background is limited to business studies, you’ll want to keep it simple. Avoid security-specific acronyms and – whatever you do – don’t bury the point underneath complex explanations of processes.  In short: Don’t succumb to the Curse of Knowledge. 
6. Use analogies to put costs into perspective  One of the best ways to avoid the Curse of Knowledge and give abstract ideas a bit more context is to use analogies. It could be the ROI of a product or the potential cost of a breach. Either way, analogies can make big, somewhat meaningless numbers more tangible and impactful. For example, imagine you’re trying to convince your CFO that the cost of a solution is worth it. But, the 6-digit, one-time cost is a hard sell. What do you do? Break the overall cost down by the product’s lifespan. Then, divide that number by the number of employees it will protect during that same period.  Suddenly, the cost will seem more manageable and worth the investment. 7. Invite key stakeholders to events or webinars  Before you even start pitching a particular solution, warm-up executives with educational webinars or events that aren’t product-specific. This will give CxOs a chance to better understand the problem, how it might apply to them, and how other people/organizations are finding solutions. Bear in mind: most vendors will have at least 1 (generally 2+) webinars or events during the standard sales cycle. Looking for events to attend? We’ve put together this list of 20 cybersecurity and business events – including Tessian Human Layer Security Summit – perfect for inviting your non-technical colleagues to.  8. Prepare concise and personalized briefing materials Individual stakeholders will be more likely to consider a particular solution if the problem it solves is directly relevant to them. How? Combine tips #1, #2, #3, and #5. After taking some time to understand the business’ overall objectives, take a closer look at individual peoples’ roles and responsibilities in meeting those objectives. Then, dig a bit deeper into how much they know about cybersecurity. Imagine you’re meeting with a COO with some technical experience whose focus is on maintaining relationships with customers. His or her briefing documents should contain minimal technical jargon and should focus on how a data breach affects customer churn.  The bottom line: make it about them. 9. Share these documents in advance of any formal meetings While this may seem obvious, the security leaders we spoke to made it clear that this is an essential step in getting buy-in. No one wants to feel caught off guard, unprepared, or rushed.  To avoid all of the above, make sure you share any documents relevant to the solution well in advance of any formal meetings. But, don’t just dump the documents on their desk or in their inbox. Outline exactly what each document is, why it’s relevant to the meeting, and what the key takeaways are. You want to do whatever you can to help them absorb the information, so make sure you make yourself available after sharing the documents and before the meeting, just in case they have any questions or need additional information. 10. Build a strong security culture Before we dive into why building a strong security culture can help you get buy-in, we want to make it clear that this isn’t something that can happen overnight. This is a long-term goal that requires the help of the entire organization. Yes, everyone. So, how do you build a strong security culture? Start by ensuring that security and IT teams are committed to helping – not blaming – employees. There has to be a certain level of mutual trust and respect.  Beyond that, employees have to accept responsibility for the overall security of the organization. They have to understand that their actions – whether it’s clicking on a phishing email or using a weak password – have consequences.  If they do accept this responsibility, and if they genuinely care about following policies and procedures and helping secure data and networks, high-level executives will care, too. They’ll therefore be more likely to sign-off on solutions. 11. Keep an eye on security trends outside of your industry  Some industries – specifically Healthcare, Financial Services, and Legal – are bound to compliance standards that formalize the need for effective security solutions. That means that, compared to other industries like Retail or Manufacturing, they’ll be required to have more robust strategies in place. What they’re doing now, the rest of us will be doing in 12 months. Keep this in mind. If you notice that organizations operating in the most highly regulated industries are all taking data loss prevention (DLP) seriously, you’ll be able to make a strong case that this is something that should be on your radar, too. 12. Approach non-executive stakeholders early on While – yes – getting buy-in from CxOs and the board is important, security leaders also need to get buy-in from non-executive stakeholders working in IT, infrastructure, etc.  After all, those are the people who will actually be responsible for deploying the solution and maintaining it.By approaching them early on (and assuming they’re interested in the solution, too) you’ll be able to paint a clear picture of the process after the solution has been signed off on.  How long will it take? Who’s involved? Will employees’ workflow be disrupted? These are all important questions to answer.  13. Match like-for-like people from both sides If you’re scheduling a meeting with executives from your side and key people from the vendor’s side, make sure you’re bringing in people that “match” in terms of function and seniority level. For example, if you work at a start-up and the founder of your company wants to be involved in the buying process, ask the vendor’s founders to join, too. Likewise, if the Head of Infrastructure is joining from your side, ask someone in a similar function to join from the other side. Why? Like-for-like people will be best placed to answer one another’s questions.  And, with that in mind…. 14. Preempt questions and prepare answers No one likes to be put on the spot. To avoid being asked a question that you don’t know the answer to, spend a good amount of time considering all the questions different stakeholders may ask and drafting well-thought-out answers. (Better yet, fit the answers into briefing documents or the presentation itself!) Remember, people are generally concerned with how a problem/solution affects them directly. That means the CEO will have different questions than the CFO, who will have different questions than the Head of IT.  15. Get specific customer references from the vendor We mentioned in tip #3 that you should lean on the vendor, especially when it comes to specific resources and customer references. And, we mentioned in tip #11 that you should match like-for-like people in meetings. It should make sense, then, that specific customer references will be more powerful than generic ones. For example, if you’re the CISO at a 4,000-person tech firm in North America, and you’re trying to convince you’re CTO that you need to implement a new solution, you should share a case study (or customer reference) from the vendor that outlines how their product has helped an organization in the same industry, that’s the same size, and in the same region. Ideally, it will also feature quotes from the CTO. Why? Professionals trust and rely on their peers when making difficult decisions. 16. Be conscious (and considerate of) peoples’ time  Decisions about security solutions can involve a lot of different people. That means you’ll have to balance several conflicting schedules and fight for time. Your best bet? Book meetings with all relevant people at once and get the vendor involved at the same time. Ahead of the meeting, share an agenda along with any relevant documents (see tip #8).  Are you a security leader who wants to offer advice to your peers? We’d love to hear from you! Please get in touch with [email protected] And, if you’re looking for more advice, check out these blogs: How to Communicate Cybersecurity ROI Advice from Security Leaders for Security Leaders: How to Navigate New Remote-Working Challenges How to Create an Enduring and Flexible Cybersecurity Strategy
Data Exfiltration DLP Human Layer Security Spear Phishing
Research Shows Employee Burnout Could Cause Your Next Data Breach
By Maddie Rosenthal
12 August 2020
Understanding how stress impacts your employees’ cybersecurity behaviors could significantly reduce the chances of people’s mistakes compromising your company’s security, our latest research reveals.   Consider this. A shocking 93% of US and UK employees told us they feel tired and stressed at some point during their working week, with one in 10 feeling tired every day. And perhaps more worryingly, nearly half (46%) said they have experienced burnout in their career.  Then consider that nearly two-thirds of employees feel chained to their desks, as 61% of respondents in our report said there is a culture of presenteeism in their organization that makes them work longer hours than they need to. Nearly 70% of employees also agreed that there is an expectation within their company to respond to emails quickly.  Employees are overwhelmed, overworked and are feeling the pressure to keep pace with their organization’s demands. 
The effects of the pandemic  The events of 2020 haven’t helped matters either. In the wake of the global pandemic, people have experienced extremely stressful situations that affected their health and finances, against a backdrop of political uncertainty and social unrest, while simultaneously juggling the demands of their jobs. The sudden shift to remote working also meant that people were surrounded by new distractions, and over half of respondents (57%) told us they felt more distracted when working from home.  According to Jeff Hancock, a professor at Stanford University who collaborated with us on this report, people tend to make mistakes or decisions they later regret when they are stressed and distracted. This is because when our cognitive load is overwhelmed, and when our attention is split between multiple tasks, we aren’t able to fully concentrate on the task in front of us. What does this mean for security?  Not only are these findings incredibly concerning for employees’ health and wellbeing, these factors could also explain why mistakes that compromise cybersecurity are happening more than ever. The majority of employees (52%) we surveyed said they make more mistakes at work when they are stressed.  !function(e,i,n,s){var t="InfogramEmbeds",d=e.getElementsByTagName("script")[0];if(window[t]&&window[t].initialized)window[t].process&&window[t].process();else if(!e.getElementById(n)){var o=e.createElement("script");o.async=1,o.id=n,o.src="https://e.infogram.com/js/dist/embed-loader-min.js",d.parentNode.insertBefore(o,d)}}(document,0,"infogram-async"); Younger employees seem to be more affected by stress than their older co-workers, though. Nearly two-thirds of workers aged 18-30 years old (62%) said they make more mistakes when they are stressed, compared to 45% of workers over 51 years old.  Our research also revealed that 43% and 41% of employees believe they are more error-prone when tired and distracted, respectively. In fact, people cited distraction as the top reason for why they fell for a phishing scam at work while 44% said they had accidentally sent an email to the wrong person (44%) because they were tired.  While these mistakes may seem trivial on the surface, phishing is the number one threat vector used by hackers today and one in five companies told us they have lost customers as a result of an employee sending an email to the wrong person. Far from red-faced embarrassment, these mistakes are compromising businesses’ cybersecurity.
The other problem is that hackers are preying on our vulnerable states, and using them to their advantage. Cybercriminals know people are stressed and looking for information about the pandemic and remote working. They know that some individuals are struggling financially and others have lost their jobs. The lure of a ‘too-good-to-be-true’ deal or ‘get a new job fast’ offer may suddenly look very appealing, especially if the email appears to have come from a trusted source, and cause people to click.  So what can businesses do to protect employees from mistakes caused by burnout?  Business and security leaders need to realise that it’s unrealistic for employees to act as the company’s first line of defence. You cannot expect every employee to spot every scam or make the right cybersecurity decision 100% of the time, particularly when they’re dealing with stressful situations and working in environments filled with distractions. When faced with never-ending to-do lists and back-to-back Zoom calls, cybersecurity is the last thing on people’s minds. In fact, a third of respondents told us they “rarely” or “never” think about security when at work.  Businesses, therefore, need to create a culture that doesn’t blame people for their mistakes and, instead, empowers them to do great work without security getting in the way. Understand how stress impacts people’s cybersecurity behaviors and tailor security policies and training so that they truly resonate for every employee.
Educating people on how hackers might take advantage of their stress and explaining the types of scams that people could be susceptible to is an important first step. For example, a hacker could impersonate a senior IT director, supposedly communicating the implementation of new software to accommodate the move back into the office, and asks employees to share their account credentials. Or a hacker may pose as a trusted government agency requesting personal information in relation to a new financial relief scheme.  Businesses should also implement solutions that can help employees make good cybersecurity decisions and reduce risk over time. Security solutions like Tessian use machine learning to understand employee behaviours to alert people to risks on email as and when they arise. By warning individuals in real-time, we can educate individuals as to why the email they were about to send or have received is a threat to company security. It helps to make people think twice before they do something they might regret.  With remote working here to stay, and with hackers continually finding ways to capitalize on people’s stress in order to manipulate them, businesses must prioritize cybersecurity at the human layer. Only by understanding why people make mistakes that compromise cybersecurity, can you begin to prevent burnout from causing your next data breach.
Compliance Data Exfiltration DLP Human Layer Security
You Sent an Email to the Wrong Person. Now What?
By Maddie Rosenthal
04 August 2020
So, you’ve sent an email to the wrong person. Don’t worry, you’re not alone. According to Tessian research, over half (58%) of employees say they’ve sent an email to the wrong person.  We call this a misdirected email and it’s really, really easy to do. It could be a simple spelling mistake, it could be the fault of Autocomplete, or it could be an accidental “Reply All”. But, what are the consequences of firing off an email to the wrong person and what can you do to prevent it from happening?  We’ll get to that shortly. But first, let’s answer one of the internet’s most popular (and pressing) questions: Can I stop or “un-send” an email?
Can I un-send an email? The short (and probably disappointing) answer is no. Once an email has been sent, it can’t be “un-sent”. But, with some email clients, you can recall unread messages that are sent to people within your organization.  Below, we’ll cover Outlook/Office 365 and Gmail. Recalling messages in Outlook & Office 365 Before reading any further, please note: these instructions will only work on the desktop client, not the web-based version. They also only apply if both you (the sender) and the recipient use a Microsoft Exchange account in the same organization or if you both use Microsoft 365.  In layman’s terms: You’ll only be able to recall unread emails to people you work with, not customers or clients. But, here’s how to do it. Step 1: Open your “Sent Items” folder Step 2: Double-click on the email you want to recall Step 3: Click the “Message” tab in the upper left-hand corner of the navigation bar (next to “File”) → click “Move” → click “More Move Actions” → Click “Recall This Message” in the dropdown menu Step 4: A pop-up will appear, asking if you’d like to “Delete unread copies of the message” or “Delete unread copies and replace with a new message” Step 5: If you opt to draft a new message, a second window will open and you’ll be able to edit your original message While this is easy enough to do, it’s not foolproof. The recipient may still receive the message. They may also receive a notification that a message has been deleted from their inbox. That means that, even if they aren’t able to view the botched message, they’ll still know it was sent.  More information about recalling emails in Outlook here. Recalling messages in Gmail Again, we have to caveat our step-by-step instructions with an important disclaimer: this option to recall messages in Gmail only works if you’ve enabled the “Delay” function prior to fat fingering an email. The “Delay” function gives you a maximum of 30 seconds to “change your mind” and claw back the email.  Here’s how to enable the “Delay” function. Step 1: Navigate to the “Settings” icon → click “See All Settings” Step 2: In the “General” tab, find “Undo Send” and choose between 5, 10, 20, and 30 seconds.  Step 3: Now, whenever you send a message, you’ll see “Undo” or “View Message” in the bottom left corner of your screen. You’ll have 5, 10, 20, or 30 seconds to click “Undo” to prevent it from being sent.  Note: If you haven’t set-up the “Delay” function, you will not be able to “Undo” or “Recall” the message.  More information about delaying and recalling emails in Gmail here. So, what happens if you can’t recall the email? We’ve outlined the top six consequences of sending an email to the wrong person below. 
What are the consequences of sending a misdirected email? We asked employees in the US and UK what they considered the biggest consequences of sending a misdirected email. Here’s what they had to say. !function(e,t,s,i){var n="InfogramEmbeds",o=e.getElementsByTagName("script"),d=o[0],r=/^http:/.test(e.location)?"http:":"https:";if(/^\/{2}/.test(i)&&(i=r+i),window[n]&&window[n].initialized)window[n].process&&window[n].process();else if(!e.getElementById(s)){var a=e.createElement("script");a.async=1,a.id=s,a.src=i,d.parentNode.insertBefore(a,d)}}(document,0,"infogram-async","//e.infogram.com/js/dist/embed-loader-min.js"); Importantly, though, the consequences of sending a misdirected email depend on who the email was sent to and what information was contained within the email. For example, if you accidentally sent a snarky email about your boss to your boss, you’ll have to suffer red-faced embarrassment (which 36% of employees were worried about). If, on the other hand, the email contained sensitive customer, client, or company information and was sent to someone outside of the relevant team or outside of the organization entirely, the incident would be considered a data loss incident or data breach. That means your organization could be in violation of data privacy and compliance standards and may be fined. But, incidents or breaches don’t just impact an organization’s bottom line. It could result in lost customer trust, a damaged reputation, and more. Let’s take a closer look at each of these consequences. Fines under compliance standards. Both regional and industry-specific data protection laws outline fines and penalties for the failure to implement effective security controls that prevent data loss incidents. Yep, that includes sending misdirected emails. Under GDPR, for example, organizations could face fines of up to 4% of annual global turnover, or €20 million, whichever is greater.  And these incidents are happening more often than you might think. Misdirected emails are the number one security incident reported to the Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO). They’re reported 20% more often than phishing attacks. You can read more about the biggest fines under GDPR so far in 2020 on our blog. Lost customer trust and increased churn. Today, data privacy is taken seriously… and not just by regulatory bodies.  Don’t believe us? Research shows that organizations see a 2-7% customer churn after a data breach and 20% of employees say that their company lost a customer after they sent a misdirected email. A data breach can (and does) undermine the confidence that clients, shareholders, and partners have in an organization. Whether it’s via a formal report, word-of-mouth, negative press coverage, or social media, news of lost – or even misplaced – data can drive customers to jump ship. Revenue loss. Naturally, customer churn + hefty fines = revenue loss. But, organizations will also have to pay out for investigation and remediation and for future security costs. How much? According to IBM’s latest Cost of a Data Breach report, the average cost of a data breach today is $3.86 million. Damaged reputation. As an offshoot of lost customer trust and increased customer churn, organizations will – in the long-term – also suffer from a damaged reputation. Like we’ve said: people take data privacy seriously. That’s why, today, strong cybersecurity actually enables businesses and has become a unique selling point in and of itself. It’s a competitive differentiator. Of course, that means that a cybersecurity strategy that’s proven ineffective will detract from your business. But, individuals may also suffer from a damaged reputation or, at the very least, will be embarrassed. For example, the person who sent the misdirected email may be labeled careless and security leaders might be criticized for their lack of controls. This could lead to…. Job loss. Unfortunately, data breaches – even those caused by a simple mistake – often lead to job losses. It could be the Chief Information Security Officer, a line manager, or even the person who sent the misdirected email.  It goes to show that security really is about people. That’s why, at Tessian, we take a human-centric approach and, across three solutions, we prevent human error on email, including accidental data loss via misdirected emails.
How does Tessian prevent misdirected emails? Tessian turns an organization’s email data into its best defense against human error on email. Powered by machine learning, our Human Layer Security technology understands human behavior and relationships, enabling Tessian Guardian to automatically detect and prevent anomalous and dangerous activity like emails being sent to the wrong person. Importantly, Tessian’s technology automatically updates its understanding of human behavior and evolving relationships through continuous analysis and learning of the organization’s email network.  That means that if, for example, you frequently worked with “Jim Morris” on one project but then stopped interacting with him over email, Tessian would understand that he probably isn’t the person you meant to send your most recent (highly confidential) project proposal to. Crisis averted.  Interested in learning more about how Tessian can help prevent accidental data loss and data exfiltration in your organization? You can read some of our customer stories here or book a demo.
Customer Stories DLP Human Layer Security
Data Leakage and Exfiltration: 7 Problems Tessian Helps Solve
03 August 2020
On Wednesday, July 29, Tessian hosted a webinar with two customers: Euromoney Institutional Investor and ERT. The topic? Data exfiltration and reduced visibility while workforces are remote. Martyn Booth, Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) at Euromoney Institutional Investor and Ted Crawford, Chief Information Officer (CIO) at ERT both offered incredible insights about how things have changed from a security perspective over the last four months and how Tessian has helped them lock down email, even before their employees started working from home. And, because Martyn and Ted are two security leaders in different industries (Financial Services and Tech/Healthcare respectively) and are based in different regions (England and The United States), they were able to share diverse opinions and experiences. Keep reading to learn more about how Tessian has helped them solve some of their biggest pain points.  7 Problems Tessian Helps Solve 1. Tessian prevents accidental data loss on email When you hear data exfiltration, what do you think of?  Many of you probably thought immediately about Insider Threats and other malicious activity. But, as our customers pointed out, most incidents involving data loss are accidental. Or, as Martyn put it, are the result of “naive email usage”. It could be an employee sending an email to the wrong person (we call this a misdirected email), it could be someone hitting “reply all”, or it could be someone emailing a spreadsheet to their personal email account to work on over the weekend.  Harmless, right? Not exactly. If these “accidents” involve sensitive information related to employees, customers, clients, or the company itself, it’s considered a breach.  Organizations can prevent all of the above with Tessian Guardian.  This is especially important now that employees are working remotely. Why? Because the lines between peoples’ personal and professional lives are blurred. Beyond that, people are distracted, stressed, and tired which, as we’ve shown in our latest research report The Psychology of Human Error, increases the likelihood that a mistake will happen. 2. Tessian prevents malicious data exfiltration on email While, many data loss incidents are accidental, some employees do intentionally exfiltrate data. There are a number of reasons why, but financial gain and a competitive edge are the most likely motivators.  Unfortunately, with so many people being laid off, made redundant, or furloughed, many organizations have seen a spike in this type of malicious activity. But, with Tessian Enforcer, organizations’ most sensitive data is kept safe.  Employees attempting to email sensitive information to themselves or a suspicious third-party will receive a warning message, explaining why the email has been flagged and asking if they’re sure they want to proceed. At the same time, security teams will get a notification.
Note: Instead of warning the employee and asking if they’d like to send the email anyway, security teams can easily configure Tessian to automatically quarantine emails that look like data exfiltration. Book a demo to see Tessian in action.  3. Tessian makes it easy to report security risks and communicate ROI  Communicating cybersecurity ROI has historically been a real challenge for security leaders. Not with Tessian. Martyn explained how Tessian enables him to share key results with executives and demonstrate the effectiveness of not just the solution, but his overall strategy. “One of the pillars of our infrastructure strategy was to build transparency across the organization. This comes from sharing metrics. With Tessian, we can show how many alerts were picked up and, each month, we can show the risk committee that we’re reducing the number of alerts. Now, are they actually interested in our preventative controls? I don’t think so. But the whole point of the metrics program is to show how well (or badly) our strategy is performing.  Before, they would make their decision based on cost or how much risk they thought we were going to be mitigating. It was quite subjective. We’ve moved that now into something more data-based. We can actually say “Well, actually, we pay x per year and, as a result of that, we’re going in the right direction in terms of our risk mitigations.” 4. Tessian helps organizations stay compliant  Both Healthcare and Financial Services are highly regulated industries that are bound to several compliance standards beyond GDPR.  That’s why, for Ted, protecting sensitive clinical data and ensuring “privacy and security by design” are both paramount. “There’s a lot of data that we need to protect and prevent from getting outside of the four walls of ERT,” he said. “As an offshoot of GDPR in 2018, we had to classify all of the data, determine from a privacy perspective how to treat it from a sensitivity perspective, and then decide how to treat it from a security perspective. Because it’s very easy to pull sensitive data and incur data loss on email, we needed a solution that would help us ensure data isn’t distributed where it shouldn’t go. That’s why we approached Tessian.” For more information about compliance in Financial Services, check out this article: Ultimate Guide to Data Protection and Compliance in Financial Services.
5. Tessian saves security teams time  While essential for compliance, classifying (and re-classifying) data, monitoring movement, investigating incidents, and generating reports all take a lot of time. That’s why 85% of IT leaders say rule-based DLP is admin-intensive.  With Tessian, security teams don’t have to do any of the above manually. This is a big selling point for Martyn, who said, “That’s where we really see the value with Tessian. It takes the burden off of people in my security team.” Tessian is powered by machine learning algorithms that have been trained on billions of data points. That means our solutions automatically understand what is and isn’t normal behavior for individual employees and can, therefore, detect and prevent threats before they turn into incidents or breaches. No rules required.  You can read more about our technology here.  6. Tessian gives security teams clear visibility of risks We’ve talked a lot about how Tessian detects and prevents risks. But for a solution to be really successful, it has to give security teams clear visibility of the risks in their organization. Tessian’s Human Layer Security platform does both.  With Tessian Human Layer Security Intelligence, our customers can easily and automatically get detailed insights into employee’s actions.  For example, imagine that in a single week, Tessian detects 12 different employees attempting to send sensitive information to their personal email accounts. When warned that sending the email is against company policy, nine of the employees opted to not send the email. The other three went ahead. Knowing this, security leaders can focus their efforts on the three that went ahead and offer additional, targeted training or, if necessary, they can escalate the incident to a line manager to issue a more formal warning.  This also helps predict future behavior. For example, if Tessian flags that an employee has sent upwards of 20 attachments – including Intellectual Property that would be valuable to a competitor – to a recipient he or she has no previous email history with soon after being denied a raise or promotion, security teams could infer that the employee is resigning and taking company data with them.  And, to prevent any further data exfiltration attempts, they can create custom filters specifically for that user, including customized warning messages or a filter that automatically blocks future exfiltration attempts. Before Tessian, this wasn’t possible for Martyn.  “Even if we suspected that an employee was going to go to a competitor and take data, we couldn’t check. We couldn’t see anything that was going up to the Cloud. It was all encrypted. The only way we would be able to see what people were emailing would be to actually go through individual emails to find ones that were problematic. We didn’t have time for that,” he said. 
7. Tessian helps reinforce training and improve employee’s security reflexes with in-the-moment warnings In the example above, three employees opted to send an email after being warned that doing so would be against company policy. But, what about the other nine? The warning message changed their behavior! It actually incentivized them to accurately mark emails as confidential or malicious if they were, in fact, confidential or malicious. This is really important. “You can’t take a ‘big bang’ approach to data privacy awareness training. To really see employees empowered, you have to constantly reinforce training,” Ted said.  The bottom line: For training to be effective long-term, employees need to apply what they learn to real-world situations and be reminded of policies in-the-moment. Over time, this will help improve their security reflexes and help build a more positive security culture.  Henry Trevelyan Thomas, the host of the webinar and Tessian’s Head of Customer Success, summarized the benefits of this for both employees and security leaders, “This is a really productive way to help employees take accountability for how they handle data. It democratizes security and takes some of the weight off of the Chief Information Security Officer’s shoulders.” Tessian can help prevent data exfiltration in your organization, too Tessian turns an organization’s email data into its best defense against inbound and outbound email security threats. Powered by machine learning, our Human Layer Security technology understands human behavior and relationships, enabling it to automatically detect and prevent anomalous and dangerous activity. Tessian Enforcer detects and prevents data exfiltration attempts Tessian Guardian detects and prevents misdirected emails Importantly, Tessian’s technology automatically updates its understanding of human behavior and evolving relationships through continuous analysis and learning of the organization’s email network. Oh, and it works silently in the background, meaning employees can do their jobs without security getting in the way.  Interested in learning more about how Tessian can help prevent accidental data loss and data exfiltration in your organization? You can read some of our customer stories here or book a demo.
Data Exfiltration DLP Human Layer Security Spear Phishing
Research Shows How To Prevent Mistakes Before They Become Breaches
By Maddie Rosenthal
22 July 2020
We all make mistakes. But with over two-fifths of employees saying they’ve made mistakes at work that have had security repercussions, businesses need to find a way to stop mistakes from happening before they compromise cybersecurity.  That’s why we developed our report The Psychology of Human Error, with the help of Jeff Hancock, a professor at Stanford University and expert in social dynamics online.  We wanted to understand why these mistakes are happening, rather than simply dismissing incidents of human error as people acting carelessly or labeling people the ‘weakest link’ when it comes to security. By doing so, we hope businesses can better understand how to protect their people, and the data they control.  Key findings: 43% of employees have made mistakes that have compromised cybersecurity A third of workers (33%) rarely or never think about cybersecurity when at work 52% of employees make more mistakes when they’re stressed, while 43% are more error-prone when tired 58% have sent an email to the wrong person at work and 1 in 5 companies lost customers after an employee sent a misdirected email  Read on to learn why this matters. You can also register for our webinar on August 19 here. We’ll be exploring key findings from the report with Jeff Hancock. You’ll walk away with a better understanding of how hacker’s are manipulating employees and what you can do to stop them. What mistakes are people making?  The majority of our survey respondents said they had sent an email to the wrong person, with nearly one-fifth of these misdirected emails ending up in the wrong external person’s inbox.  Far from just red-faced embarrassment, this simple mistake has devastating consequences. Not only do companies face the wrath of data protection regulators for flouting the rules of regulations like GDPR, our research reveals that one in five companies lost customers as a result of a misdirected email, because the trust they once had with their clients was broken. What’s more, one in 10 workers said they lost their job.  !function(e,i,n,s){var t="InfogramEmbeds",d=e.getElementsByTagName("script")[0];if(window[t]&&window[t].initialized)window[t].process&&window[t].process();else if(!e.getElementById(n)){var o=e.createElement("script");o.async=1,o.id=n,o.src="https://e.infogram.com/js/dist/embed-loader-min.js",d.parentNode.insertBefore(o,d)}}(document,0,"infogram-async"); Another mistake was clicking on links in phishing emails, something a quarter of respondents (25%) said they had done at work. This figure was significantly higher in the Technology industry however, with 47% of workers in this sector saying they’d fallen for phishing scams. It goes to show that even the most cybersecurity savvy people can make mistakes.  Interestingly, men were twice as likely as women to fall for phishing scams. While researchers aren’t 100% sure as to why gender differences play a factor in phishing susceptibility, our report does show that demographics play a role in people’s cybersecurity behaviors at work.  What’s causing these mistakes to happen?  1. Younger employees are 5x more likely to make mistakes 50% aged 18-30 years olds said they had made such mistakes with security repercussions for themselves or their organization. Just 10% of workers over 51 said the same.  This disparity, our report suggests, is not because younger workers are more careless. Rather, it may be because younger workers are actually more aware that they have made a mistake and are also more willing to admit their errors. For older generations, Professor Hancock explains, self-presentation and respect in the workplace are hugely important. They may be more reluctant to admit they’ve made a mistake because they feel ashamed due to preconceived notions about their generations and technology. Businesses, therefore, need to not only acknowledge how age affects cybersecurity behaviors but also find ways to deshame the reporting of mistakes in their organization. 2. 93% of employees are stressed and tired Employees told us they make more mistakes at work when they are stressed (52%), tired (43%), distracted (41%) and working quickly (36%).  This is concerning when you consider that an overwhelming 93% of employees surveyed said they were either tired or stressed at some point during the working week. This isn’t helped by the fact that nearly two-thirds of employees feel chained to their desks, with 61% saying there is a culture of presenteeism in their organization that makes them work longer hours than they need to.  The Covid-19 pandemic has put people under huge amounts of stress and change. In light of the events of 2020, our findings call for businesses to empathize with people’s positions and understand the impact stress and working cultures have on cybersecurity.
3. 57% of employees are being driven to distraction 47% of employees surveyed cited distraction as a top reason for falling for a phishing scam, while two-fifths said they sent an email to the wrong person because they were distracted.  With over half of workers (57%) admitting they’re more distracted when working from home, the sudden shift to remote-working could open businesses up to even more risks caused by human error. It’s hardly surprising. We suddenly had to set-up offices in the homes we share with our young children, pets and our housemates. There’s a lot going on, and mistakes are likely to happen. 
4. 41% thought phishing emails were from someone they trusted Over two-fifths of people (43%) mistakenly clicked on phishing emails because they thought the request was legitimate, while 41% said the email appeared to have come from either a senior executive or a well-known brand.  Over the past few months, we’ve seen hackers impersonating well-known brands and trusted authorities in their phishing scams, taking advantage of people’s desire to seek guidance and information on the pandemic. Impersonating someone in a position of trust or authority is a common and effective tactic used by hackers in phishing campaigns. Why? Because they know how difficult or unlikely it is to ignore a request from someone you like, respect or report into.  Businesses need to protect their people from these phishing scams. Educate staff on the ways hackers could take advantage of their circumstances and invest in solutions that can detect the impersonations, when your distracted and overworked employees can’t. !function(e,i,n,s){var t="InfogramEmbeds",d=e.getElementsByTagName("script")[0];if(window[t]&&window[t].initialized)window[t].process&&window[t].process();else if(!e.getElementById(n)){var o=e.createElement("script");o.async=1,o.id=n,o.src="https://e.infogram.com/js/dist/embed-loader-min.js",d.parentNode.insertBefore(o,d)}}(document,0,"infogram-async"); But how can businesses prevent these mistakes from happening in the first place?  To successfully prevent mistakes from turning into serious security incidents, businesses have to take a more human approach.  It’s all too easy to place the blame of data breaches on people’s mistakes. But businesses have to remember that not every employee is an expert in cybersecurity. In fact, a third of our survey respondents (33%) said they rarely or never think about cybersecurity when at work. They are focused on getting the jobs they were hired to do, done. !function(e,i,n,s){var t="InfogramEmbeds",d=e.getElementsByTagName("script")[0];if(window[t]&&window[t].initialized)window[t].process&&window[t].process();else if(!e.getElementById(n)){var o=e.createElement("script");o.async=1,o.id=n,o.src="https://e.infogram.com/js/dist/embed-loader-min.js",d.parentNode.insertBefore(o,d)}}(document,0,"infogram-async"); Training and policies help. However, combining this with machine intelligent security solutions – like Tessian – that automatically alert individuals of potential threats in real-time is a much more powerful tool in preventing mistakes before they turn into breaches.  Alerting employees to the threat in-the-moment helps override impulsive and dangerous decision-making that could compromise cybersecurity. By using explainable machine learning, we arm employees with the information they need to apply conscious reasoning to their actions over email, making them think twice before doing something they might regret. 
And with greater visibility into the behaviors of your riskiest and most at-risk employees, your teams can tailor security training and policies to influence and improve staff’s cybersecurity behaviors. Only by protecting people and preventing their mistakes can you ensure data and systems remain secure, and help your people do their best work. Read the full Psychology of Human Error report here.
DLP Spear Phishing
Why Political Campaigns Need Chief Information Security Officers
20 July 2020
On July 10th, Joe Biden’s US presidential campaign announced it was hiring a Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) and a Chief Technology Officer (CTO). Biden’s campaign team told The Hill that these security professionals would help “mitigate cyber threats, bolster… voter protection efforts, and enhance the overall efficiency and security of the entire campaign.” This development confirms what cybersecurity experts have long understood — that, just like businesses, political campaigns require a CISO. We’ll tell you why. Are political campaigns likely targets of cybercrime? Rates of cybercrime — and the sophistication of cybercriminals — continue to increase across all sectors. Whether it’s phishing attacks, malware, ransomware, or brute force attacks, incidents are on the rise.  And, when you consider which industries are the most targeted (Healthcare, Financial Services, Manufacturing) It’s easy to understand why political campaigns are also targets of hackers and scammers: Political campaigns are a cornerstone of the democratic process They process the personal information of thousands of voters  They handle confidential and security-sensitive information These aren’t anecdotal reasons. Political campaigns have been targeted by cybercriminals before. For example, in 2016, Hillary Clinton’s campaign manager, John Podesta, received a spear phishing email disguised as a Google security alert. Podesta followed a link, entered his login credentials, and exposed over 50,000 emails to malicious actors. This is a great example of how human error can lead to data breaches and goes to show that anyone can make a mistake.  That’s why cybersecurity is so important. Learn how Tessian prevents spear phishing attacks.  How can a CISO help a political campaign? Hiring a CISO — and thus improving the cybersecurity of political campaigns — has three main benefits: Safeguarding the democratic process Protecting voter privacy Maintaining national security Let’s explore each of these in a bit more detail. You can also check out our CISO Spotlight Series to get a better idea of what role a CISO plays across different sectors.  Safeguarding the Democratic Process Whatever your political persuasion, it’s hard to ignore headlines that detail the role cybercriminals played in the 2016 US election, including: Cyberattacks occurred against politicians Electoral meddling undermined voters’ faith in the democratic process Better cybersecurity could have mitigated the impact of electoral cyberattacks A CISO ensures better coordination of a political campaign’s IT security program. This can involve: Mandating security software on all campaign devices  Setting up DMARC records for domains used in campaigning Assessing risk and responding to threats Increasing staff awareness of good cybersecurity practices Of course, these functions aren’t specific to political campaigns. A CISO’s job, whether at a big bank or a law firm, is to safeguard systems, data, and devices by implementing policies, procedures, and technology and to help build a positive security culture. The difference, though, is that while a CISO at your “average” organization helps prevent data breaches and other security incidents, the CISO of a political campaign does all of this while also helping maintain faith in the process among voters.  Keep reading to find out how. Protecting voter privacy Political campaigns must communicate directly with individual voters which means those working on the campaign have access to highly sensitive information. And, we’re not just talking about names and addresses. Even a person’s intention to vote is highly sensitive personal information.  While – yes – many people publicly proclaim their ideology and voting intention via social media, those people don’t expect their information to be mined by data-harvesting software, combined with other personal information, and shared with unauthorized third parties. They simply want to share their views with friends, family, and followers.
Like hacking, data mining operations can affect the outcome of elections. They also represent a gross invasion of individual privacy.  How valuable an asset is voter data? A few recent high-profile examples will give you an idea. (Click the links to learn more about each individual incident.) The UK pro-Brexit Vote Leave campaign’s involvement in the Cambridge Analytica scandal Rand Paul and Ted Cruz’s campaigns allegedly selling their voters’ contact information to the Trump campaign Rick Santorum’s campaign selling voters’ data to a “doomsday prepper” firm These examples prove that voter data can be used to raise funds or create a political advantage. But what are the consequences? To start, voter trust is lost which – as we’ve discussed – can impact the democratic process. Beyond that, there are also legal ramifications. Under state and federal privacy laws, selling personal information is a legally-regulated activity. Any allegation that a campaign has violated privacy law would be extremely damaging not just reputationally, but financially.  A CISO can help ensure that a political campaign is less likely to engage in risky behavior with voters’ personal information and assist the campaign to comply with privacy law.  But it’s not just personal information that political campaigns handle. Maintaining National Security Political campaigns also handle security-sensitive information which must be carefully safeguarded. Robert Deitz, former senior counselor to the CIA, told Washington Post that a Russian cyberattack on the Trump campaign could reveal information about Trump’s foreign investments and negotiating style. Having access to this data could help Russia understand “where it can get away with foreign adventurism.” A CISO has overall responsibility for information safeguarding within an organization. They understand:  What types of data exist about the candidate  How and where the information is processed, stored, and transferred Who can access the data All of this information helps CISOs implement data loss prevention (DLP) strategies in order to keep sensitive information out of the hands of bad actors.  Why does this matter?  Data privacy – and therefore cybersecurity – is essential for the modern world.  In fact, in business, a strong security posture fosters trust with customers and prospects and is therefore considered a competitive edge. Why? Because data is valuable currency. Customers and prospects expect the organizations they interact with to safeguard the information shared with them. Shouldn’t politicians foster trust with voters in the same way? 
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